Their numbers dwindling, they eke out a bare existence in marginal land, often in remote and isolated communities. With little prospects of participating in the real economy - token cottage industries aside - they subsist on government patronage, doled out by a mainstream wracked by guilt at their elevated rates of poverty, hardship and ill-health (including suicide and substance abuse).
The government uses them as a political football, occasionally playing on their special cultural status, valued role in the nation's history or unique "Aussieness" - for marketing and tourism purposes. But there is no real effort to tackle the fundamental problem: exclusion from the productive economy and reliance on welfare.
Yes, our 21st century farmers won't have a lot to look forward to if they can't shake their hand-out mentality.